Security - Chad ratifies comprehensive nuclear test-ban treaty - The Republic of Chad has ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), becoming the 159th State to do so, a UN statement said on Monday.
The statement, made available to PANA in New York, quoted Tibor Tóth, the Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), to have welcomed the ratification as a step that, ”consolidates Africa’s firm commitment to end nuclear testing and ultimately to achieve a world free of nuclear weapons’’.
'Chad signed the CTBT on 8 October 1996, only days after the Treaty opened for signature. It has now been signed by a total of 183 States, constituting 90 per cent of the world’s countries,’’ it said.
It, however, disclosed that in Africa, only three countries have yet to sign the CTBT - Mauritius, Somalia and South Sudan - while ten countries are yet to ratify it - Angola, Comoros, Republic of Congo, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, The Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Sao Tome and Principe,
Swaziland and Zimbabwe.
'Among the remaining African States, only Egypt’s ratification is mandatory for the Treaty to enter into force. Ratification by seven other nuclear technology holder countries from
outside Africa is also required, namely China, the Democratic People’s
Republic of Korea, India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan and the United States,’’ it said.
PANA reports that African governments have already banned nuclear weapons for themselves though the Pelindaba Treaty, which established a nuclear-weapon-free zone on the continent.
The CTBT bans all nuclear explosions everywhere, by everyone and the CTBTO is building an International Monitoring System (IMS) to make sure that no nuclear explosion goes undetected.
Currently, over 85 per cent of this network has been established, including 31 facilities in 22 African countries.
PANA learnt that CTBTO monitoring data could also be used for disaster mitigation such as earthquake monitoring, tsunami warning and the tracking of radioactivity from nuclear accidents and its dispersal worldwide.