Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - Africa’s governance landscape has changed dramatically over the past decade with more multiparty elections than military coups, but the continent is not yet out of the woods, according to the African Union (AU)’s Commissioner for Political Affairs, Aisha Abdullahi.
“Protracted and violent intra-state conflicts still derail our development goals, postpone democratic gains and generate humanitarian crises in some countries,” Abdullahi told journalists Tuesday on the sidelines of the 22nd Ordinary Session of the AU Assembly here.
According to her, overarching causal factors for conflicts in Africa are many and varied.
However, the Commissioner said that the most common factors were that weak state institutions are unable to exercise authority, fail to provide development and services to the people that generated crisis of legitimacy of the state, and militarization of society and establishment of military formations that generate disorder and near-anarchy.
“Developing strong democratic institutions, inculcating a culture of democracy and peace and promoting effective observance of human rights, constitutionalism and the rule of law can forestall political instability,” she said.
Meanwhile, the AU Commission has shortlisted 10 countries in post-conflict situation for assistance in building strong institutional foundations for democratic governance under the African Solidarity Initiative (ASI).
They are Burundi, Central African Republic, Cote d’Ivoire, DR Congo, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Sudan, South Sudan, Mali and Madagascar.
The AU Foreign Affairs ministers launched ASI on 13 July, 2012, with the view to mobilise support from within Africa for post-conflict reconstruction and development in countries emerging from protracted violent conflict.